Italy has shut its discos and nightclubs for a month, and strengthened its rules on when face masks must be worn in public.
Health minister Roberto Speranza said while numbers of new coronavirus cases in Italy remained low, they were growing.
Speranza said the country, which has the second highest number of Covid deaths in Europe, could not risk the sacrifices it had already made.
He added the country’s priority was to endure schools could open safely in September.
New measures, which came into force on Monday (17 August), include suspending indoor and outdoor "prom activities" in discos and outdoor spaces.
Masks are also now mandatory outdoors between 6pm and 6am "in places where there is risk of assembly".